Joint Entrance Examination – Advanced (JEE-Advanced), formerly the Indian Institutes of Technology-Joint Entrance Examination (IIT-JEE) is an annual engineering college entrance examination in India. It is conducted by one of the seven zonal IITs (IIT Khargpur, IIT Delhi, IIT Kanpur, IIT Bombay, IIT Madras, IIT Guwhati and IIT Roorkee) under guidance of the Joint Admission Board(JAB). It is used as the sole admission test by the 23 Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs). Other universities like the Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Petroleum Technology, Indian Institutes of Science Education and Research (IISERs), and the premier Indian Institute of Science (IISc) also use the score obtained in JEE Advanced as the basis for admission. Any student who takes admission to IITs cannot appear for the JEE-Advanced exam in the next year, but the same is not the case with IISc, IISER, RGIPT and other institutes as these institutes only use JEE Advanced score for admission. The examination is organised each year by one of the various IITs, on a round robin rotation pattern. It has a very low admission rate (about 9,369 in 479,651 in 2012;which is around 1.95%), and was thus recognised as one of the toughest examinations in the world. The current admission rate in 2017 is around 0.92% in IITs (about 11,000 out of 1,200,000 who applied for JEE Mains.
In 2013 the exam, originally called the IIT-JEE, was renamed as JEE (Advanced), along with the AIEEE being renamed JEE(Mains). From 2017, IITs started conducting JEE internationally to give admission to international students.
JEE Main has two papers, Paper-1 and Paper-2. Candidates may opt for either or both of them. Both papers contain multiple choice questions. Paper 1 is for admission to B.E./B.Tech courses and is conducted in both online and offline modes. Paper-2 is for admission in B.Arch and B.Planning courses and is conducted offline only.
JEE Main, unlike JEE Advanced, has a fixed exam structure and is not subject to change every year. Paper-1 is of three hours duration and consists of thirty multiple-choice (single-correct) questions in each of the three subjects (physics, chemistry, and maths). There is negative marking for incorrect answers. 4 marks are awarded for correct answers and 1 mark is deducted for incorrect answers.
From 2013 to 2016, the marks obtained in the class XII school board examination used to be accorded a 40% weightage in deciding the JEE Main all India ranks.
From 2017, CBSE made Aadhar card mandatory for students applying for JEE. Students not having the card were asked to register for it before applying for JEE.
The number of applicants taking the JEE Main has varied over the years. In 2016, fewer aspirants registered as compared to the previous three years as shown in the table below.1.3 million candidates appeared for JEE Main in 2014. In 2016, JEE Main was conducted on 3 April 2016 (offline mode) and April 9 and April 10, 2016 (online mode).
|No. of Students
As per the recent dates released by CBSE, JEE Mains 2018 (Offline Exam) will be conducted on 8th April 2018.
Students who qualify JEE-Main can appear for the JEE-Advanced examination. In 2018, 224,000 students will be allowed to appear for JEE-Advanced, a number that had gone up from 220,000 in 2017 and 200,000 in 2016.
JEE Advanced 2018 is going to be held on 20th May by IIT Kanpur and be completely online.
JEE Advanced 2017 was conducted on 21 May 2017 by IIT Madras.
In 2016, the JEE Advanced exam was held on May 22, 2016. The exam carried a total of 372 marks with each paper carrying 186 marks. The level of difficulty of questions was increased to a larger extent. Moreover, number of integer type questions (having no negative marking) were reduced. The paper was set up in collaboration of different IITs with the principal organiser being the IIT Guwahati. The Physics paper was set by IIT Madras, Mathematics by IIT Guwahati and the Chemistry portion was jointly set by IIT Bombay and IIT Delhi. These features made this paper the toughest ever JEE Paper till date. The paper had a huge surprise of partial marking in multiple correct choices where if a student marked some but not all correct answers without marking the wrong ones, he/she would be awarded one mark for each correct option.
JEE Advanced 2015 was held on May 24, 2015. The two papers were of 504 marks overall, a sharp increase from the regular trend of about 360 marks. Changes in examination pattern surprised students nationwide. There were no single correct multiple choice questions at all; all of them were multi-correct. The level of negative marking was also increased.
According to the statistics released by IIT Bombay, which conducted the exam, 26,456 out of the 1,17,238 candidates who appeared in the test were shortlisted for admission to IITs. 23,407 male candidates qualified, outnumbering 3,049 female candidates.